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HISTORY - One of the earliest steam ship companies in the world ÖSTERREICHISCHER LLOYD was founded in 1833 - III 1914-19 becoming LLOYD TRIESTINO

After the assaination of crownprince Erzherzog Franz Ferdinand and his wife in Sarajewo, all European powers did run with `eyes wide shut´ in the first catastrophy of the 20th century. This war, caused equally by all the imperial powers, which was thought "to end all wars in the future", seen as a "clearing thunderstorm", caused with the Versailles Treaty only more war, grief and sorrow, with a final push from the Great Depression of the 1930s.
Lloyd Autriaco
LLOYD express steamers PRINZ HOHENLOHE and BARON GAUTSCH in Pola - own collection, copy from a postcard
Even if the signals for this war could be seen as Menetekel (portent) at the walls, everybody was taken by surprise. Especially the economy, as nobody really was prepared for this war.
by Earl of Cruise
At the beginning of the First World War many ships of LLOYD AUSTRIACO were scattered on the oceans of the world. Some ships had to seek shelter in neutral ports, numerous were used by the k. u. k. Kriegsmarine for transports and as needed hospital ships. The fate of the ships (not mentioned those in safe harbors):
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handed over to United Kingdom: KÖRBER (a Shanghai express steamer), ERZHERZOG FRANZ FERDINAND (a Japan express steamer) und MARQUIS BACQUEHEM
handed over to France: MARIENBAD (seized in Greece)
handed over to China: BOHEMIA. SILESIA and CHINA (all three seized in Shanghai)
handed over to Portugal: VORWÄRTS (Found protection in the Portugese port of Marmugao, India, in 1914, but was seized by Portugal after two years and continued to operate as an INDIA. Since Portugal had never declared war towards Austria-Hungary, the LLOYD requested the return of the ship or a replacement payment. However, Portugal responded with a declaration of war, which was intended to justify confiscation. The ship burnt out in Lisbon in 1921.)
Lloyd Austriaco
THALIA, LLOYD AUSTRIACO´s luxurious cruise vessel - own collection
1 ship survived the war in a neutral port: THALIA (in Amsterdam)
7 ships Schiffe had been secured in the quite unreachable naval base in the bay Lago di Scardona and disarmed.
Lithography of WIEN as hospitalship - Source: Civico Museo del Mare Trieste 
WIEN (1911), one of the two most powerfull ships of LLOYD AUSTRIACO was used as hospital ship during WWI, during WWII WIEN was used again as hospital ship, but then as LLOYD TRIESTINO liner, renamed to PO, in 1941 WIEN was sunk.
5 ships became hospitalships eingesetzt: WIEN, HELOUAN, AFRIKA, ELEKTRA, TIROL
28 ships had been used as troopers for the österreichisch-ungarische Balkanarmee under the command of the k. u. k. Kriegsmarine but would have been damaged by the enemy or sunk because of mines
Lloyd Austriaco
Ships of the fleet of ÖSTERREICHISCHER LLOYD - courtsy by Dr. Tamás Balogh
The 33 LLOYD ships used in the war, had numerous casualties due to accidents, bombardment and recoiled on mines. Only a few examples are mentioned below. The first disaster was the downfall of BARON GAUTSCH, who ran on a mine offcoast Brijuni (Brioni) and sank Aug. 13th, 1914 (see Österreichische Handelsmarine, Abschnitt Unglücke (Austrian Trade Marines), section misfortunes). 
LLOYD AUSTRIACO
Rendering of sunken BARON GAUTSCH off Brioni - Source: http://shipwrecksworld.blogspot.de/
The biggest catastrophe, however, was the sinking of LINZ, which was used as a transport ship for the Balkan army. In the night from March 18th to 19th, 1918 the ship sank after neing torpedoed off the Albanian coast, near Kepi i Rodonit (English article contains wonderful pictures of the historic buildings on the cape).
The cabins of the sleeping passengers were below deck, so most of them were surprised by the bursting waters. Of the more than 3,000 passengers, only 291 survived (older claims are 663 deaths and an unknown number of survivors). On several occasions, LLOYD AUSTRIACO transporters or hospitals vessels, torpedoed by French submarines, could still rescue them on land or a harbor. For example, the ELEKTRA, which had only two casualties after French torpedoes, and was able to save itself by attacking a beach before the destruction, and the TYROL, which after torpedo had caused 40 deaths, but could be towed from another LLOYD ship to the naval base Pola for repairs.

Lloyd Austriaco
Decree from Nov. 4th, 1918 for the nomination of Lodovico Jeroniti as Commissioner for the LLOYD AUSTRIACO, which marks the end of the old LLOYD - Source: Wikipedia
During the years of the war 1917 till 1918, the company had accumulated a loss of more than Krone 15 million. On 4 November 1918 Lodovico Jeroniti was appointed provisional commissioner of the LLOYD AUSTRIACO by the governor of Venice, Carlo Petitti di Roreto. The old board then resigned "on account of changed circumstances" on November 28th, 1918. Following the intervention of the Italian government, BANCA COMMERCIALE ITALIANA bought the company from the previous owner, WIENER UNION BANK, at the price of Lira 1,000 per share. In first place, the ships continued, as defined in the Pariser Vorortverträgen Paris suburban-treaties, under an interlaced (white-blue-white) flag.

For the Vatican, which during the war unsuccessfully acted as mediator, Pope Benedict XV. The Paris sub-treaties as a "vindictive dictation" and demanded justice for the vanquished Central Powers. In the Enzyklika Pacem Dei munus of 23 May 1920 he distanced himself from the peace treaties.
Source: Wikipedia
Lloyd Austriaco
Steamer MARIEBNBAD of LLOYD AUSTRIACO - own collection, copy from postcard
After the war she became MESSAGERIES MARTIMES GÉNÉRAL GALLIENI
Already in 1919, connections to the Levant, to India and the Far East were resumed, as well as the agent network rebuilt, but only with freight ships. At the end of 1920, 125 agencies were already in operation. When the danger of confiscation of the LLOYD as a war booty by one of the Allied powers (which was excluded in the Anglo-Franco-Italian agreement of 1921), the passenger service was resumed. In 1921, the company was renamed LLOYD TRIESTINO and continued with 40 remaining ships, and expanded further in the following years and decades.
Prior to the end of WWI Italy, France and United Kingdom had a memorandum of understanding, similar to that inglorious Sikes-Picot treaty, how to divide the shipping companies of Austria-Hungary. The bear wasn´t even hunted, but his fur was already divided ...
Till 1921, however, the company was still in state control, Italian, administration. When passenger traffic was resumed in 1921, 125 agencies were already reopened in domestic and foreign cities.
LLOYD AUSTRIACO  LLOYD TRIESTINO
TEVERE of LLOYD TRIESTINO, ex GABLONZ of LLOYD AUSTRIACO - Source: Navi e Armatori
8448 GT, 137.9 Length, 16.4 Beam, 16 knots, Keel laid 15.6.1911, Launch 3.5.1912, Date of completion: 2.2.13, 1921- TEVERE, 17.1.43 wrecked in the entrance of Tripoli and scuttled
In 1926, a capital increase of Lira 100 to 150 million was made to aquire new ships.
By 1931, the fleet, which had shrunk considerably during the war, rose again to 43 ships with a total of 245,000 GT. By comparison, the LLOYD AUSTRIACO comprised 65 ships with around 230,000 GRT before the outbreak of war. The largest of these was the VICTORIA (13,062 GRT), which was launched in the same year. When the economic crisis of 1929-1931 also reached its climax in the merchant shipping sector, the Italian state centralized the shipping industry and granted each shipping company certain areas of activity. The MARTITTIMA ITALIANA and the SOCIETÀ ITALIANA di SERVIZI MARITTIMI (SITMAR) were joined to the LLOYD TRIESTINO. Nevertheless, in 1932 the largest Italian shipping companies were dissolved to prevent mutual competition. In their place, four companies were newly established - including the LLOYD TRIESTINO. These four companies were subordinated to the state organisation SOCIETÀ FINANZIARA MARITTIMA. The three other companies were the ITALIA, the ADRIATICA and the TIRRENIA di NAVIGAZIONE. The LLYOD had from then on the lines to Asia, Australia and Africa to use - for it lost the connections into the Middle East and the Black Sea.
Lloyd Austriaco  Lloyd Triestino
LLOYD TRIESTINO advertisment from 1926 - Source: Fernweh auf Schiffsplakaten, Helmut Cauer
Lloyd Austriaco  Lloyd Triestino
Luggage tag for VICTORIA, the Far East motorship of LLOYD TRIESTINO - own collection
The Second World War hit the LLOYD much harder than the first: most ships had to be handed over to the navy as hospital ships or troop carriers, and remained at warfare, in contrast to the First World War, when about half of the fleet survived, only five ships survived till 1945.
After the war, the fleet was rebuilt. During the Cold War traffic was drastically reduced. In the 1970s passenger transport was finally stopped due to the increasing volume of air traffic. Since then, Lloyd Triestino has devoted himself exclusively to freight transport, especially by taking over and promoting container traffic.
In 1998 LLOYD TRIESTINO was bought up by the Taiwanese company EVERGREEN MARINE and continued as a subsidiary. In March 2006 LLOYD TRIESTINO was renamed ITALIA MARITTIMA.
Until the outbreak of WWI in 1914, the AUSTRIAN LLOYD operated the following regular lines (only the main ports of the lines are mentioned):
Freight document of December 22nd, 1852, transport of 2 boxes of Liqueur from Bari to Trieste (190 × 200 mm)

Ticket 2nd class, Alexandria–Konstantinopel (Cospoli) May 21st, 1859 with steamer STAMBUL (225 × 287 mm)

Adriatic service

·        Trieste - Spalato - Cattaro (express service, three time per week)

·        Trieste - Spalato - Cattaro - Durazzo - Korfu - Santa Maura (weekly)

·        Trieste - Budua - Spizza (weekly)

·        Trieste - Venedig (3 Mal weekly; during summer daily)

Balkan, Hellenic and Black Sea service

·        Trieste - Brindisi - Alexandrien (express service, weekly)

·        Trieste - Brindisi - Korfu - Patras - Piräus - Konstantinopel (express service, weekly)

·        Trieste - Gravosa - Alexandrien - Syrian ports (weekly)

·        Trieste - Korfu - Smyrna - Constantinople (weekly)

·        Trieste via Thessalian ports to Constantinople (weekly)

·        weekly connection between Constantinople and Braila, Odessa, Nikolajew as well Batum

Indo-Chinese and Japanese service

·        Triest - Port Said - Aden - Bombay (express service, twice monthly; from May to August monthly; since 1881)

·        Trieste - Port Said - Kurachee - Madras - Colombo - Rangoon - Calcutta (twice monthly; freight line only without passenger transport)

·        Trieste - Port Said - Aden - Colombo - Singapur - Hongkong - Shanghai (express service, monthly; since 1881)

Trieste - Port Said - Bombay - Singapur - Hongkong - Shanghai - Yokohama - Kobe (express service, monthly; since 1892)
For many lines, the names of the ships used were linked with Austria or ports of destination. For example, ships with cities such as Bregenz, Brünn, Leopolis, Linz, Graz and Prag were used on the espress linie to Greece and Constantinople. The ships were named after countries (Carinthia, Carniolia, Dalmatia, Salzburg, Styria, Tirol) as well as health resorts (Abbazia, Gastein, Karlsbad, Meran) on the steamboat line to the Levant and the Black Sea. Another group was made up of the mythology and the history of antiquity (Amphitrite, Elektra, Euterpe, Urano, Cleopatra and Seramis), which  were used also for the Levante line.

For the internal mail LLOYD AUSTRIACO used special stamps, to seal their letters. At least from the time of the existence of the Austro-Hungarian LLOYD, the use of seal stamps Siegelmarken  with the shipping company´s logo and the inscription "Dampfschiffahrt-Gesellschaft" is known in the case of letters to customers. They come in German and Italian as well as several colors, Blue, brown, purple and green. In later times, the coat-of-arms of the shipping company, and the two-line lettering "OESTERR. LLOYD / TRIEST".

blue (German) - Source: Wikipedia
brown (Italian) Source: Wikipedia
violet (Italian) - Source: Wikipedia
seal stamps for the backs of letters of ÖSTERREICHISCHER LLOYD / LLOYD AUSTRICO-HUNGARICO fromTergesteum to Wien (1875)

LLOYD AUSTRIACO took part in a shred ownership of a sailtraining vessel, the BEETHOVEN. In Austria too, the acquisition of the captains' and helmsman patent was linked to a certain service time on a sailing merchant ship. Since their numbers were declining further and further, Austria also wanted to use a sailing school ship in order to be able to thoroughly train the offspring for the ship commandos. After long financing problems, a shipowner's association with LLOYD AUSTRIACO - other co-financing shipping companies AUSTRO-AMERICANA, Tripcovich and Navigazione Libera Triestina - bought the well 100 m (Lüa) long four-mast barquentine BEETHOVEN from the shipping company Daniel Steen, Tønsberg. During her maiden voyage in 1914, she sailed from Newcastle (NSW) to Valparaíso on 29 March 1914 with a coal cargo of 3,104 t. But she never reached Valparaíso. BEETHOVEN has been regarded as lost since then. By the outbreak of WWI on August 1, 1914, the fate of the ship and its occupation of 36 men soon fell into oblivion. The loss of Austria's direct access to the ocean as the result of the First World War did its own to the "forgetting".

The 3rd Section of LLOYD AUSTRIACO was engaged as publisher with its own print medias, but also as the graphic studio for LLOYD AUSTRIACO. The long tradition, which also served the representation of the economic strength of a shipping company, the 3rd Section commissioned ship painters to portray the commissioned ships by LLOYD AUSTRIACO. Since the early days of the company, many ship pictures have taken shape, which have kept the outer shape of the deep-sea vehicles in detail and thus make an important contribution to its fleet history. The first flotation of 10 ships dates from 1838 by the Trieste artist Lorenzo Butti. Later on, famous marine artits were commissioned to paint ships in the maritime environment, such as Basi Ivancovich, 1815-98, (s. IMPERATOR, 1888), or Harry Heusser, the sister ships WIEN and HELOUAN, which were commissioned in 1911 and 1912 respectively. The latter created around 1910 an extensive colored postcard series depicting the ships taking into account the ports and landscapes that were passed by them at their services. Directly employed by the LLOYD was Giuseppe Miceu (1873-1909), who was among others, at the beginning of the 19th century, he then painted among others BARON GAUTSCH.

Lloyd Austriaco
ACHILLE (1874-1913) um 1890 - courtsey photo from Gatscher-Riedl: „Flottenkatalog“, p. 71
Very soon, in the 3rd Sektion of LLOYD AUSTRIACO, his independent publishing company, interest turned to photography as the new medium emerged. In the OSSERVATORE TRIESTINO, published in 1839, daguerreotypes were reported and a photo studio was set up in 1855. But probably only between 1885 and 1890 was the LLOYD fleet systematically photographed. The ships were banned on 72 photographic plates by the famous Trieste photographer Giuseppe Wulz, when they anchored in the bay in front of Muggia. The albumin prints from the 230-240 mm high and 310-320 mm wide exposures were laminated to 395 × 400 mm passepartouts / mats. They contained the name and address of the studio and are archived as a closed stock in Archivio storico del LLOYD TRIESTINO (ASLT).

LLOYD AUSTRIACO vessels in alphabetic order


Vessel
Built
Years in Service
Tons
Abbazia
1911
1919 transferred to Lloyd Triestino, Trieste.
3,820
Achille
1874
1912 scrapped.
1,970
Adelsberg
1910
1916 mined and sunk.
1,122
Adria
1851
in service until 1871.
730
Africa (1)
1849
in service until 1876.
730
Africa (2)
1903
1916-1918 Hospital ship, 1919 transferred to Lloyd Triestino, Trieste.
4,720
Aglaia
1879
1910 scrapped.
1,903
Albania


Albanien
1910
1916 sunk by Italian submarine.
1,120
Almissa


America
1850
purchased 1856, in service until 1875.
1,420
Amphitrite
1884
in service until 1918.
3,839
Apis
1869
in service until 1894.
1,246
Apollo
1866
in service until 1908.
1,720
Aquila
1844
purchased 1850, in service until 1855.
350
Aquila Imperiale (1)
1856
in service until 1864.
1,100
Aquila Imperiale (2)
1864
in service until 1888.
1,190
Arciduca Federico
1842
1852 renamed Milano, in service until 1868.
405
Arciduca Francesco Carlo
1834
purchased 1837, in service until 1870.
125
Arciduca Giovanni
1836
in service until 1859.
349
Arciduca Lodovico
1836
in service until 1869.
310
Arciduchessa Carlotta


Arciduchessa Carolina
1857
1863 renamed Arciduchessa Carlotta, in service until 1901.
1,060
Arciduchessa Sofia
1833
purchased 1837, in service until 1866.
140
Aretusa
1870
purchased 1872, in service until 1879.
1,200
Argo
1877
in service until 1897.
1,250
Asia
1849
in service until 1859.
730
Aurora
1869
in service until 1907.
1,825
Australia
1852
in service until 1877.
840
Austria (1)
1847
in service until 1859.
760
Austria (2)
1865
1901 renamed Juno, in service until 1906.
1,700
Austria (3)
1901
1919 transferred to Lloyd Triestino, 1922 renamed Venezia.
7,588
Baron Beck
1907
1919 transferred to Lloyd Triestino, Trieste.
3,890
Baron Bruck
1913
1919 transferred to Lloyd Triestino, Trieste, 1921 renamed Palatino.
1,964
Baron Burger
1863
purchased 1864, 1874 renamed Laerte, in service until 1885.
380
Baron Call
1904
1919 transferred to Lloyd Triestino, Trieste, 1922 renamed Quirinale.
3,104
Baron Eichhoff
1837
1852 renamed Oriente, in service until 1873.
361
Baron Gautsch
1908
1914 mined and sunk off Brioni; loss of 150 lives.
2,070
Baron Mamula
1863
purchased 1864, c.1874 renamed Eolus, in service until 1883.
380
Baron Sturmer (1)
1838
1845 renamed Dalmata, in service until 1849.
215
Baron Sturmer (2)
1839
ex- Seri Pervas, purchased 1845 renamed Baron Sturmer, 1852 renamed Persia, in service until 1870.
469
Baron von Kubek
1842
1852 renamed Albania, in service until 1870.
230
Benaco (1)
1853
in service until 1865.
200
Benaco (2)
1865
in service until 1887.
260
Berenice
1882
1900 renamed Urano, in service until 1915.
2,650
Bohemia
1896
1914 laid up at Shanghai 1917 seized by China renamed Hwah Ping.
4,318
Bombay
1852
in service until 1871.
950
Bosforo


Bosnia
1899
1910 sold to S.A. Austriaca di Nav.a Vap. Dalmatia, Trieste.
540
Bregenz
1908
1918 sunk by Italian torpedo boats; loss of 234 lives.
3,905
Brioni
1909
1919 transferred to Lloyd Triestino, Trieste.
1,111
Bruenn
1908
1919 transferred to Lloyd Triestino, Trieste.
3,870
Bucovina
1902
1919 transferred to Lloyd Triestino, Trieste.
2,926
Calcutta
1852
in service until 1871.
950
Calipso
1873
in service until 1907.
1,702
Carinthia
1900
1919 transferred to Lloyd Triestino.
2,931
Carniolia
1900
1914-1918 naval requisition, 1919 transferred to Lloyd Triestino.
2,940
Castore
1874
in service until 1910.
1,860
Ceres
1867
in service until 1902.
1,830
China
1900
1914 laid up at Shanghai, 1917 seized by China renamed Hwah Jah.
6,026
Chioggia
1849
purchased 1854, in service until 1856.
70
Cleopatra
1895
1915-1916 naval submarine accommodation ship, 1919 transferred to Lloyd Triestino.
4,015
Clio
1880
in service until 1889.
1,379
Conte Kolowrat
1837
1852 renamed Bosforo, in service until 1870.
323
Conte Mittrowsky
1838
1852 renamed Istria, in service until 1870.
237
Cracovia
1916
completed 1920 for Lloyd Triestino, Trieste.
8,051
Cremona
1846
ex- Innominato, purchased 1852 renamed Cremona, in service until 1856.
400
Crescent
1834
purchased 1845, in service until 1847.
321
Croazia


Dalmata (1)


Dalmata (2)
1850
in service until 1872.
250
Dalmatia
1903
1919 transferred to Lloyd Triestino, Trieste, 1925 renamed Dalmatia L.
3,104
Danea
1879
in service until 1898.
1,320
Danubio (1)
1848
in service until 1865.
100
Danubio (2)
1866
in service until 1910.
820
Daphne
1881
in service until 1907.
1,951
Delfino
1874
in service until 1890.
752
Diana
1866
in service until 1897.
1,730
Dido
1873
in service until 1899.
1,224
Egitto (1)
1851
1859 sunk but salved and 1860 sold to Austro-Hungarian Navy and renamed Gargano.
730
Egitto (2)
1863
in service until 1866.
1,060
Elektra
1884
in service until 1918.
3,193
Elleno
1851
in service until 1868.
440
Emo
1866
purchased 1871, in service until 1873.
285
Eolus


Erzherzog Franz Ferdinand
1899
1914 seized by Britain at Aden, 1922 returned to Lloyd Triestino renamed Fiume-L.
6,181
Espero
1869
in service until 1908.
1,825
Ettore
1874
in service until 1910.
1,970
Europa
1848
in service until 1875.
730
Euterpe
1886
1918 sunk by Italian submarine while trooping; loss of 1000+ lives.
2,270
Ferdinando I
1839
purchased 1845, in service until 1864.
450
Ferdinando Massimiliano
1856
in service until 1901.
1,060
Ferrara
1852
in service until 1864.
420
Fiume
1853
in service until 1892.
850
Flora
1871
in service until 1903.
1,375
Gablonz
1912
1919 transferred to Lloyd Triestino, Trieste, 1921 renamed Tevere.
8,448
Galatea
1871
in service until 1908.
1,352
Galicia
1902
1919 transferred to Lloyd Triestino, Trieste.
2,836
Gastein
1909
1919 transferred to Lloyd Triestino, Trieste.
3,817
Germania
1847
in service until 1873.
730
Gisela
1892
1915 seized by Italy, 1916 renamed Carlo Poma, 1919 to Lloyd Triestino..
4,253
Goritia
1903
1918 mined and sunk off Guri Geranis, 1919 refloated and scrapped..
3,104
Graf Wurmbrand
1895
1912 sold to D. Tripcovich, Trieste, 1916-1920 Hospital ship, 1920 sold to S. A. di Nav. Rimorchi e Salvataggi, Trieste renamed Roma.
952
Graz
1908
1919 transferred to Lloyd Triestino, Trieste.
3,850
Habsburg
1895
1919 transferred to Lloyd Triestino, 1920 renamed Remo.
4,014
Hebe
1877
in service until 1897.
246
Helios
1881
in service until 1909.
1,984
Helouan
1911
1919 transferred to Lloyd Triestino, Trieste.
7,367
Hungaria (1)
1869
in service until 1912.
1,976
Hungaria (2)
1915
1919 transferred to Lloyd Triestino, Trieste, 1923 renamed Genova
7,077
Imperator
1886
in service until 1909.
4,140
Imperatore (1)
1843
in service until 1849.
550
Imperatore (2)
1850
in service until 1868.
700
Imperatrice (1)
1843
in service until 1849.
550
Imperatrice (2)
1850
in service until 1868.
700
Imperatrix
1888
in service until 1907.
4,140
India
1899
1910 sold to Navigazione Libera Triestina, Trieste.
2,933
Innsbruck
1914
1919 transferred to Lloyd Triestino, Trieste, 1921 renamed Aquileia.
7,077
Ionio
1853
in service until 1894.
850
Iris
1870
in service until 1898.
1,146
Istria (1)


Istria (2)
1898
ex- Craigrowan, 1899 purchased from Scottish Oceanic SS Co. renamed Istria, 1910 sold to Navigazione Libera Triestina, Trieste.
2,739
Italia
1847
in service until 1870.
730
Jole
1877
in service until 1890.
246
Juno (1)
1864
in service until 1897.
1,760
Juno (2)


Jupiter (1)
1857
in service until 1859
1,100
Jupiter (2)
1864
in service until 1906.
1,748
Karlsbad
1909
1919 transferred to Lloyd Triestino, Trieste.
3,817
Koerber
1903
1914 seized by Britain at Alexandria renamed Huntspill, 1921 returned to Lloyd Triestino, Trieste renamed Asia.
5,325
Laerte


Lario (1)
1853
in service until 1865.
200
Lario (2)
1865
in service until 1889.
260
Leda
1880
in service until 1910.
1,378
Leopolis
1909
1919 transferred to Lloyd Triestino, Trieste.
3,804
Linz
1909
1918 exploded and sank while trooping; loss of 663 lives.
3,820
Lucifer
1858
in service until 1889.
730
Mahmudie
1837
in service until 1865.
467
Malta
1854
in service until 1896.
550
Maria Dorotea
1834
purchased 1845, later renamed Croazia, in service until 1870.
272
Maria Teresa

see Titania.

Maria Valerie
1892
1919 transferred to Lloyd Triestino, 1922 renamed Cilicia.
4,235
Marienbad
1913
1916 seized by Britain at Patras, passed to French Gov't renamed General Gallieni, 1923 to French Line (C.G.T) renamed Pellerin de Latouche.
8,448
Marquis Bacquehem
1893
1914 seized by Britain at Suez, 1916 torpedoed and sunk by U-Boat off Cape St. Vincent.
4,409
Mars
1868
in service until 1888.
1,836
Medea
1878
1908 scrapped.
1,845
Medusa
1882
in service until 1898.
2,741
Melpomene
1883
1919 transferred to Lloyd Triestino.
2,986
Memfi
1872
1902 sold to Uruguay.
1,760
Meran
1909
1919 transferred to Lloyd Triestino, Trieste.
3,754
Mercur
1858
in service until 1890.
730
Messina
1854
in service until 1894.
550
Metcovich
1893
1914-1918 Hospital ship, 1919 transferred to Lloyd Triestino.
879
Milano (1)


Milano (2)
1870
in service until 1893.
410
Minerva
1865
in service until 1901.
1,750
Miramar
1857
in service until 1880.
300
Modena
1852
in service until 1858.
470
Moravia
1897
1910 sold to Navigazione Libera Triestina, Trieste.
3,504
Najade
1876
in service until 1897.
751
Narenta
1871
ex- Mary Lamont, purchased 1878 renamed Narenta, 1879 renamed Triestino, 1908 deleted from Lloyds Register.
1,533
Neptun
1857
in service until 1876.
1,100
Nil
1864
in service until 1893.
745
Niobe
1879
in service until 1900.
1,348
Nippon
1901
ex- Moreno, 1902 purchased from Neptune S.N. Co, Sunderland renamed Nippon, 1919 transferred to Lloyd Triestino, Trieste.
6,504
Oreste
1867
in service until 1897.
930
Oriente


Orion
1882
in service until 1907.
2,859
Padova
1846
ex- Clementina, purchased 1852 renamed Padova, in service until 1866.
200
Palacky
1907
1919 transferred to Lloyd Triestino, Trieste.
3,890
Pan
1865
ex- Albion, purchased 1883 renamed Pan, in service until 1890.
227
Pandora
1882
1900 sold to Khedivial Mail Co., London renamed Assouan.
2,738
Parma
1852
in service until 1858.
470
Pavia
1852
in service until 1864.
420
Persia (1)


Persia (2)
1903
1919 transferred to Lloyd Triestino, Trieste, 1925 renamed Persia L.
5,895
Piacenza
1852
in service until 1862.
420
Pilade
1868
in service until 1881.
930
Pilsna
1918
1919 transferred to Lloyd Triestino, Trieste.
8,040
Pluto
1857
in service until 1870.
1,100
Poluce
1874
1908 scrapped.
2,046
Poseidon
1885
in service until 1903.
3,874
Praga
1908
1919 transferred to Lloyd Triestino, Trieste.
3,850
Principe Metternich
1837
in service until 1848.
357
Prinz Hohenlohe
1908
1919 transferred to Lloyd Triestino, Trieste.
2,070
Progresso (1)
1856
in service until 1864.
1,100
Progresso (2)
1864
in service until 1891.
1,210
Psyche
1883
in service until 1901.
375
Reka
1883
in service until 1894.
1,084
Roma
1853
in service until 1859.
500
Said
1863
purchased 1866, in service until 1888.
680
Salzburg
1902
1919 transferred to Lloyd Triestino, Trieste, 1923 renamed Gorizia.
3,227
San Carlo (1)
1853
in service until 1862.
175
San Carlo (2)
1863
in service until 1883.
225
San Giusto (1)
1853
in service until 1862.
175
San Giusto (2)
1863
in service until 1885.
225
San Marco (1)
1853
in service until 1862.
175
San Marco (2)
1863
in service until 1886.
225
Sarajevo
1909
1919 transferred to Lloyd Triestino, Trieste.
1,150
Saturno
1868
in service until 1910.
1,845
Schild
1848
in service until 1875.
440
Scutari
1909
1919 transferred to Lloyd Triestino, Trieste.
262
Selene
1881
in service until 1905.
1,360
Semiramis
1895
1919 transferred to Lloyd Triestino.
4,017
Silesia
1899
1914 laid up at Shanghai, 1917 seized by China renamed Hwah Yih.
5,164
Smirne
1852
in service until 1891.
850
Sphinx
1869
in service until 1878.
1,246
Stadium
1850
in service until 1874.
830
Stambul (1)
1839
purchased 1845, in service until 1859.
659
Stambul (2)
1859
in service until 1889.
725
Stambul (3)
1910
1918 sunk by naval attack at Durazzo.
3,817
Stephanie


Styria


Styria Lloyd
1900
1902 renamed Styria, 1914 laid up at Ferrol, 1919 surrendered to France, 1923 to Lloyd Triestino, Trieste renamed Gianicolo.
2,771
Sultan
1864
in service until 1910.
745
Tebe
1873
in service until 1912.
1,835
Thalia
1886
1907 converted to cruise ship, 1919 transferred to Lloyd Triestino.
2,371
Thetis
1870
in service until 1910.
1,135
Thisbe
1883
1895 wrecked.
2,863
Tibisco
1866
in service until 1896.
862
Ticino
1854
purchased 1856, in service until 1859.
180
Timavo
1871
purchased 1878, in service until 1900.
1,450
Tirol
1901
1916-1918 Hospital ship, 1919 transferred to Lloyd Triestino, Trieste, 1921 renamed Trento.
2,923
Titania
1883
later renamed Maria Teresa, in service until 1918.
3,073
Trebisonda (1)
1857
in service until 1864.
1,100
Trebisonda (2)
1864
in service until 1875.
1,700
Trieste (1)
1847
in service until 1870.
410
Trieste (2)
1870
in service until 1892
410
Trieste (3)
1893
1896 renamed Stephanie, 1898 renamed Almissa, 1919 transferred to Lloyd Triestino.
880
Trieste (4)
1897
1919 transferred to Lloyd Triestino.
5,095
Triestino
1879
see Narenta.

Tritone
1875
in service until 1899.
762
Urano (1)
1869
in service until 1899.
1,830
Urano (2)

see Berenice.

Venezia
1847
in service until 1873.
448
Venus
1869
in service until 1899.
1,820
Verbano (1)
1853
in service until 1865.
200
Verbano (2)
1865
in service until 1888.
260
Verona
1852
in service until 1866.
220
Vesta
1869
in service until 1907.
1,820
Vincenza
1852
in service until 1865.
220
Vindobona
1892
1919 transferred to Lloyd Triestino, 1921 renamed Tracia.
4,351
Vorwarts (1)
1849
purchased 1850, in service until 1876.
500
Vorwarts (2)
1878
in service until 1903.
2,380
Vorwarts (3)
1906
1914 laid up at Mormugao, 1916 seized by Portugal renamed India.
5,990
Vulcan
1857
in service until 1875.
1,100
Wien (1)
1839
ex- Metternich, purchased 1845 renamed Wien, in service until 1855.
473
Wien (2)
1856
in service until 1877.
570
Wien (3)
1911
1919 transferred to Lloyd Triestino, Trieste.
7,357
Zara
1849
purchased 1854, in service until 1856.
70
Source: The Shiplist

HISTORY - AUSTRO AMERICANA the Austro-Hungary shipping line into the new world

HISTORY - One of the earliest steam ship companies in the world ÖSTERREICHISCHER LLOYD was founded in 1833 - I 1833-55 

HISTORY - One of the earliest steam ship companies in the world ÖSTERREICHISCHER LLOYD was founded in 1833 - II 1855-1914

HISTORY - LLOYD TRIESTINO 

 

Comments

  1. James Rawling UKJune 2, 2020 at 3:44 PM

    Very interesting I had never heard of Lloyd triestono until I came across a beautiful suitcase with the name on a Black circle Lloyd Triestino S. P. A. N . going around the circle With Trieste on the side with a large N in the middle, the suitcase is edged in black leather with silver studs and in great condition for its expected age. The origional owner of this case passes away in 1990 aged 90 and was a retired misionary priest.

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